According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, algae is …a plant or plantlike organism of any of several phyla, divisions, or classes of chiefly aquatic usually chlorophyll-containing nonvascular organisms of polyphyletic origin that usually include the green, yellow-green, brown, and red algae in the eukaryotes and especially formerly the cyanobacteria in the prokaryote.
To simplify that, algae is small plant-like organism which grows in pool water. There are three common forms:
Algae! What are you going to do? How are you going to stop it? More importantly, how are you going to KILL it?
Sounds harsh, but the truth is, algae can ruin a summer afternoon by the pool (maybe even several afternoons). You don’t own a pool so that you spend your free time getting rid of algae. You bought it because you want to swim in it! No matter what type of algae has decided to make residence in your beautiful swimming pool, it must be destroyed with CHLORINE!!! Chlorine is the ultimate algae killer.
With that said, you must first determine what type of algae you have.
Standard Green Algae
This type of algae is the most common. It’s green, it’s slimy, and it grows extremely fast in the right conditions. Conditions such as warm water with high pH levels, and perhaps high phosphate levels. Tends to like the shady side of the pool.
Stubborn Yellow (or Mustard Algae)
Yellow algae is sometimes mistaken for sand or pollen. But if it’s attached to your pool walls or floor and easily brushes off and dissipates into the water, then it’s yellow algae. It’s stubborn because it has a resistance to chlorine and tends to grow back in the same spot if you don’t treat it correctly. Yellow algae also travels well. It can travel on your bathing suits, pool floats and maintenance equipment. All of these must be treated as well as the pool water.
The Dreaded Black Algae
Black algae looks like black spots on your pool wall or floor. We dread them because they have strong roots that grow deep into the surface of your pool, and it can grow back. It’s very hard to get rid of because it requires a good amount of brushing to knock the heads off, so the chlorine can penetrate into the roots. Black algae, much like yellow algae, travels very well and most likely came from an ocean or a lake.
Keep in mind that if you use the same bathing suit or floats in the pool as you do on the beach, make sure you wash and disinfect them before introducing them back into your swimming pool.
Chlorine is your best weapon against algae. More specifically, you are going to use calcium hypochlorite pool shock to super-chlorinate your water. First determine just how much algae is in your pool. If your pool is very light green or you see very little yellow or black algae, you will need to double shock your pool. That means using 2 pounds of shock for every 10,000 gallons of water your pool holds.
If your pool is dark green, or you see heavy spots of yellow or black algae, you will need to triple shock your pool. 3 pounds for every 10,000 gallons of water.
Finally, if your pool is black or really infested with yellow or black algae, you’ll need to quadruple shock your pool. 4 pounds for every 10,000 gallons.
Note: If your pool is really infested with algae, you might have to repeat the shocking process again the following night to completely destroy the algae.
Here are the steps you should take to kill the algae:
1. Remove all floats from the pool, gather up all cleaning equipment, and sanitize them using a chlorine or bleach solution. Also make sure you thoroughly wash and dry all bathing suits in hot soapy water.
2. Get your water tested to make sure you have the proper pH and alkalinity levels, and that your pool can hold chlorine.
3. Wait until the late afternoon or dusk to brush the entire pool. Paying close attention to hard-to-reach places like under the ladders and creases.
4. Turn on your filter and keep it running 24/7.
5. Shock your pool with the correct amount of shock as we mentioned earlier. Pre-dissolve each pound of shock in a bucket of pool water before broadcasting it throughout your pool. Make sure you cover the entire pool with shock as best you can. Using test strips make sure the chlorine reaches shock level (5-10)
6. Let your pool run overnight. Shocking at night helps the shock to do a more efficient job. Sunlight can eat up 1ppm (part per million) of unstabilized chlorine (like shock) every hour.
7. Keep brushing your pool for the next couple of days, and brush often. Make sure you keep a good level of pH, alkalinity, and chlorine during this time. It’s crucial. Keep brushing for good measure and keep a very close eye on your chemical levels to ensure the algae doesn’t make a return.
Finishing Up At this point:
Your pool might be a little cloudy. It’s ok. It’s partly dead algae that is causing this. Your filter can do the job of cleaning up the mess. Just keep your pump and filter running until your pool is clear. You can add a little clarifier, or a flocculant, to help speed up the process. Backwash your filter very thoroughly when the pressure rises.
Algae is stubborn, so your best bet is to keep this from ever happening. Make sure you keep your water chemistry in check and shock your pool once a week with 1 pound per 10,000 gallons of water. Inspect your equiptment weekly to insure proper circulation. It is also extremely important to keep your sand clean if using a sand system. Chemically clean it twice a year and change the sand every two to three years.
For those with recurring algae blooms, add a Phosphate Remover and follow up with a regular treatment dose of a good algaecide.
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